Back Knee Pain, what are the causes and treatments

Back Knee Pain

The knee is the biggest joint of the body and is high risk is for injuries. It is made up of ligaments, bones, ligaments, and tendons. Any injury to any part of the knee can cause walking problems.

Some knee injuries which are not as severe ca heal on its own. However, worse injuries need the proper treatment with the relaxation of join to heal completely. In some conditions, doctors can prescribe surgery or multiple operations to treat the knee. If the injury remains untreated, it can cause long-term issues.

Some conditions that can lead to the pain in the back of the knee are:

Leg cramps

A cramp is usually tightening of the muscles in the back of the leg. Muscles of the back of the calves are more likely to cramp; however, you can also experience a cramp in the back of the thigh.

You can have leg cramps during the leg exercise and other conditions like pregnancy. Other causes of leg cramps are:

  1. Nerves problems in your legs
  2. Dehydration
  3. Liver disease
  4. Toxins in your blood like lead or mercury
  5. Infections in your legs such as tetanus

When you have cramps, you will feel a contraction of the muscles or spasm. The pain due to cramps can last from seconds to several minutes.

Jumper’s knee

Jumper’s knee is an injury to the tendons. This injury can happen when you change your direction suddenly, for example, while playing hockey, or basketball. In this condition, the kneecap is damaged. This condition is also called patellar tendonitis.

The sudden or wrong movement of the leg can tear your tendon. This condition can swell up and weaken your tendon.

Jumper knee can cause pain below the area of the knee cap. The pain gets worse if not treated. Other symptoms of jumper’s knee are:

  1. Stiffness
  2. Weakness
  3. Trouble bending your knee 
  4. Trouble straightening your knee

Hamstring injury

Hamstring consists of the muscles placed in the back of the thigh, Which include:

  1. Bicep femoris muscle
  2. Semitendinosus muscle
  3. Semimembranosus muscle

These muscles help you to bend your knees without feeling pain. Any injury to one of these muscles is known n as hamstring injury or hamstring strain. Stretching of the muscle can cause a hamstring strain. This condition can be mild to severe. If the tissues are completely torn, it can take several months to heal.

When you have a hamstring injury, you will feel a sudden pain in your thigh. Injury to the biceps femoris is known as femoris tendinopathy, which can cause pain in the back of the knee.

Other symptoms of hamstring injury include:

  1. Bruising
  2. Swelling
  3. Weakness in the back of the leg

This injury is common in athletes and sportsmen.

Must Read: What is Chronic Knee Pain? What are its Causes and Treatments?

Calf strain

A calf strain is also a common injury. Two muscles gastrocnemius and soleus make the calf, which is the back of the lower leg.

Sorts that require the quick movement of the body, from standing position to running position can brutally damage your calf muscles. These sports can include squash, tennis, and badminton. When calf strain occurs, you will feel a sharp pain in the back of the leg near the calf area.

Other symptoms of severe strain are:

  1. Pain in the calf
  2. Swelling
  3. Bruising
  4. Trouble standing on tiptoe

When to see the doctor

Light pain can be treated at home by applying home remedies. However severe pain needs proper medication. In-home treatment, you can apply the RICE method to start the healing. This RICE method consists of 4 steps including:

  1. Rest – the First step of the treatment is to take rest. Don’t use your knee again and again. Your injury might be due to the repetitive motion of the knee. 
  2. Ice – You can apply ice on your knee to reduce the inflammation. This process reduces the swelling and pain also. 
  3. Compression – You can use a special bandage to compress the calf or thigh area. Don’t tie it too firmly it can damage the veins
  4. Elevation – You should elevate the damaged organ to reduce the extra blood flow to the damaged area.

Before doing these treatments, you will need to minimize the pain. For this purpose, you can use painkillers. You can also buy codeine online to treat the injury.

You should also seek the help of the doctor if needed. If you experience these symptoms call the doctor immediately:

  1. Fever
  2. Unbearable pain 
  3. Swollen leg
  4. Reddish leg

The doctor will do the complete examination of your body and will prescribe you the best treatment.

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